Remembering The Great Umbrella MovementJune 28, 2019
Hong Kong was once included in the British colony, a city developed with 70 million people. In 1997, Hong Kong was handed over to China in the context of ‘one state, two principles’ structure. This means that although Hong Kong is part of China, the city has its own independence and independence. Beijing’s capital, Beijing, will help protect the city and its relations with the outside world. But China will not be able to swallow the nose if it wants internal affairs. China will not have the right to impose any restrictions on Hong Kong’s own but limited government system, freedom of citizens, the independent judicial system and public transport.
In the first few years, very well, when everything goes on, the problem arises when China starts trying to get full control of Hong Kong itself. From 2003 to the present, China has sought to build a city in its own right, on security, education, personal independence and so on. But the Hong Kong people repeatedly protested against these things and created resistance. Since the movement of 2014 is largely known as ‘Chatta Biplob’ or ‘Umbrella Movement’, these movements of Hong Kong have often been released together since 2003. All the movements of today are combined together with this name.
National Security Act
2003 is one year important in the history of Hong Kong. At the beginning of the year, Severe Acquisition of Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was spread in Hong Kong. As a result, many people died. Different countries of the world have stopped communicating with Hong Kong so that the virus can not spread in other countries. Hong Kong is financially damaged at this time. One problem started without going to the problem when the government wanted to pass a bill which would hurt Hong Kong’s rights.
On half-exhaustive Hong Kong, China was pressing for the passage of Article 23, according to which Hong Kong must pass China’s proposed National Security Act so that China is not to be betrayed, removed, seduced, defeated and cheated. It is mentioned in this law that there will be a Chinese intervention on Hong Kong’s own political affairs. The city is repeatedly reminded of its ‘constitutional responsibility’ and it is pressed to pass the law. But at that time it was not possible to include Hong Kong’s constitution. The general public fears that their independence or independence will result in them being threatened. Nearly five lakh people arrived in the city streets. The whole city was blocked. The government has to abolish this decision after facing the people’s resignation at that time.
Protest Against National Education
In the year 2003, the central government of the Chinese Central Government took up the task of bringing changes in the education system in nine years after failing to make changes in the National Security Act. If a city or country wants to gain a foothold, it is not a bad thing to work on capital education. And China wanted to adopt this strategy. In Hong Kong’s education system, there are some issues related to attachment, which means that students will start their own democratic attitudes and support Chinese communism and communist leaders.
In simple words, loyalty to China was a real goal of brainstorming. However, according to the government, this program is meant to protect national pride and identity. It is thought that this program will be launched in 2012 and compulsory it is made by 2016. Although Hong Kong does not understand the depth of the subject, it is seen by some activists or activists who are hungry on hunger strikes. Teachers, students, and their parents joined the strike. Movements with the help of nearly one hundred thousand people became stronger. The government’s decision to abolish such laws or steps like the National Security Act has to be terminated.
The government has made many efforts to stop the general students of Hong Kong to protect their political independence and to use the purpose of a fair and genuine democratic election when called on the streets.
On September 28, 2014, police attacked students coming to protest against injustice in front of government headquarters in Hong Kong, with chili powder, tear gas and water supply. The purpose of this attack was to stop the movement of students by ignoring the demands of the students. But the result is the opposite of exactly the opposite. The general public also started joining the movement in the team. To the unarmed protesters, it was an umbrella and wet towel as a means of avoiding the attack. During the police attack, the whole mass of people became colored in tens of thousands of umbrellas. The general roof is the main symbol of the movement. This is why it is known in the media as ‘Chhata Biplob’. However, according to the leaders of the movement, it is not a revolution but rather the protection of their rights and the demand for fair demand. The movement started with the purpose of reclaiming the central government of China, which is hurting their political rights.
The ‘Hongkong Democracy Now’ Facebook page brings an amendment to this page when it starts repeating ‘umbrella revolution’ in foreign mass media. The page was originally opened by the initiative of the main leaders of the movement. There they requested to use the word “movement” instead of ‘revolution’. The summary of their statement is that it will be consistent with their program if they are called movement. Because their only tool is an umbrella. Even in this danger, the umbrella will protect them from all anarchy, as the umbrella needs to survive from the storm, rain. For the sake of this movement, many people have designed pictures and logos. Notably, Sunny Yen, Carol Chan, Andrew Wang, Lily Chiang, Chun Mann, and Angelo Costadmas logo or photos.
The movement was further strengthened when the visionary leaders came forward beside the general public. Civilian people shut the streets of Hong Kong’s main commercial areas for 79 days. They were quietly performing their programs. However, the economic system of Hong Kong is stagnant. In this situation, the police attacked the water tank and attacked the main weapon of the masses became the umbrella. However, despite the hiding of the people’s interest in following all this, some residents and businessmen of the city expressed their displeasure over the movement due to their temporary problem.
The extradition law
Hong Kong has also tried to pass the extradition law in 2019, according to which China will have the right to the maximum punishment for any offender. It is an acceptable rule to surrender to the city police force if the city is involved in an internal matter. Despite China’s own judicial system, if China is to seek justice, it is normal to disrupt justice. However, those who are against the law need the amendment of the law to ensure that Hong Kong does not become a refugee camp for criminals. If this law is passed, then Macao and Taiwan will also have to accept the extradition law.
It started at the late end of 2018. When a Hong Kong woman goes to Taiwan, she is killed. Taiwan’s police believe that the woman’s friend is responsible for the murder. But the police could not perform the trial due to the person staying in Hong Kong. From this, the central government of China feels the necessity of extradition law. Claiming that under this law, if the offenders surrender, the government will get the right to punish them for seven years or more. The leader of Hong Kong and the Chief Executive will be able to hand over all the documents of surreptitious evidence of any offenders. If this law is passed then there is no ‘structure of one state, two principles’. Because in that case, China will have to obey the internal affairs. Then there are no two principles.
What’s the Latest situation
On June 9, more than 10 million Americans gathered in front of the Chinese government in the streets. This was the biggest movement of Hong Kong after the umbrella movement. However, due to police, this program is in danger. Apart from attacking tear gas and water, the police also arrested 19 protesters. In the first of 1997, police forces attacked the general public in such a way. In this attack, 80 people were injured. As a result, the movement of the movement increased further. Another meeting was scheduled for the bill pass on June 12, but due to the movement, it was canceled. With the support of the movement, the general public closed more than 100 business establishments and shops. Even Beijing does not want to get involved in this trouble. Finally, on June 15, Hong Kong Chief Executive Kerry Lamm suspended the bill. Still, the road was blocked on 16th June.
This blockade was organized in protest against the attack on the masses and the arrest of leaders of the movement. On 17th June, the activist of ‘Umbrella Movement’ was released from jail. Immediately after the release, he demanded the resignation of Lama.